Eva Gay aka Eva McDonald aka Eva Valesh
Among the Girls Who Toil in the Steam Laundries of Minneapolis; Beal's the Place Where Poor Girls Work and Get No Pay for It; One Laundry Where the Girl Help is Treated as It Should Be; Why Girls Go Astray--Character No Object--Observations on Laundry Life
". . . I was told that a union exists among the employers so that they may the more readily dictate wages . . . I suggested that the girls organize themselves for protection . . ."
Eva Gay's Glance at the Girls Who Work in the Laundries; Some of the Work is Terrible and the Pay is Generally Low; Girls Acknowledge the Work is Surely Breaking Their Health; More of the Crusade, with Some of the Natural Consequences
". . . last week I visited one of the largest branches of industry in the city -- the laundries. Their number is legion, grading up from the shanty owned and run by a single 'heathen Chinee' to the large brick blocks equipped with improved machinery and employing many operatives."During my travels, I have explored nearly every establishment in the city, and find a certain class of evils exist even among the best . . . "
Eva Gay's Visit to the Girl Workers in Minneapolis Shirt Factories; Some of the Dark, Dank and Disagreeable Shops of the Shirt Workers; Girls Must Furnish Their Own Machines, as Well as the Sewing Materials; Starvation Wages for Hard Work--Girls Terrorized by Their Taskmasters.
"It seems that a large proportion of working girls earn their living by sewing at various kinds of work. For, in addition to those classes already reported, a trip through four large shirt factories of Minneapolis reveals many more toiling at the same sort of work. As far as comfort or cleanliness were concerned, it seems to be 'six of one and half a dozen of the other;' two factories were clean and bright, and the other two dirty, damp and unhealthy. . ."
Eva Gay's Trip Through Bag and Mattress Factories of Minneapolis; Sewing Mid Clouds of Dust--Hardships Hand in Hand With Small Wages; Employers Who Provide Necessary Conveniences and Others Who Do Not; Girls Compelled to "Stand for Their Health" -- Mattress Works Employes
"On first entering, the air seemed so thick with dust and lint from the bags that I could scarcely see. . . ."