"The Miracle Merchants" - Graeme Zielinski, David Jackson, Lisa Anderson, Mike Dorning - Chicago Tribune

The Tribune reports on the experiences of a group of staffers who among them sponsor a total of 12 children through "four of the largest and best-known child sponsorship organizations - Save the Children, The Christian children's Fund, Children International and Childreach."

I-Miracle Merchants: "At Times, I've Wanted to Turn It Off Too" - Graeme Zielinski and David Jackson - Chicago Tribune

1998-03-15

"The pitch for sponsors. They are known as "flies-in-the-eyes" commercials. They feature the wrenching images of starving children, their bellies bowed and faces speckled with insects. They tear at your heart . . ."

I-A - The Miracle Merchants - Lisa Anderson - Chicago Tribune

Miracle Merchants Series

1998-03-15

". . .The Tribune found that the notion of individual child sponsorship exists primarily as a marketing myth. Costly, time-consuming and hampered by the logistical difficulties posed by some of the poorest and most remote places on Earth, child sponsorship succeeds far better as a fundraising engine than it does as a vehicle for providing benefits to the children whose faces sustain it.Child sponsorship agencies vigorously defend their approach, maintaining that their donors clearly understand that money does not go to benefit individual children, but to the broader community in which the children live. . ."

I-B - Miracle Merchants: "Relentless Campaigns of Hollow Promises" - Lisa Anderson - Chicago Tribune

Charity's Probe Finds Sponsors Funded at Least 24 Dead Children

1998-03-15

". . .But a yearlong Tribune inquiry into four of the leading child sponsorship organizations--Save the Children Federation Inc., Childreach, Children International and the Christian Children's Fund--found this promise of an affordable miracle to be achingly hollow. Sponsored youngsters often received few or no benefits, and in the worst cases children had been dead for years while unwitting donors continued to sponsor them.The Tribune found that the notion of individual child sponsorship exists primarily as a marketing myth. Costly, time-consuming and hampered by the logistical difficulties posed by some of the poorest and most remote places on Earth, child sponsorship succeeds far better as a fundraising engine than it does as a vehicle for providing benefits to the children whose faces sustain it. . ."

I-C - Miracle Merchants: "Unprecedented? Charity's Own Probe Finds More Dead Children" - Lisa Anderson - Chicago Tribune

1998-03-15

". . .When Chicago Tribune reporter Lisa Anderson discovered that Korotoumou Kone, the child she was sponsoring in Mali, had been dead nearly two years, Save the Children Federation Inc. said the error was unprecedented.But after the Tribune learned that a Bellingham, Wash., family had sponsored a dead child for nearly four years before being notified of his death, SCF began an investigation of its Malian operations. That inquiry, completed last fall, found that at least 24 sponsors had sent the charity money on behalf of dead children in Mali for varying periods of time. . ."

I-D - Miracle Merchants: "Greetings From Grave: 'We Are All Doing Well'" - Hugh Dellios and Lisa Anderson - Chicago Tribune

1998-03-15

"Years after a boy's death, an American family still received messages from Abdoul Kone, the child whom they had sponsored. Their case shows how donors can be betrayed by the sponsorship system.As they had been in previous years, Clover and John Dixon were delighted to receive a 1996 New Year's greeting from this West African village. For nearly six years, a boy from Mali named Abdoul Kone had occupied a special place in their Bellingham, Wash., family, his photograph posted on the refrigerator door and his letters handled with loving care. . ."

I-E - Miracle Merchants: "For Sponsors, Image and Reality Worlds Apart" - Hugh Dellios - Chicago Tribune

1998-03-15

". . .But when the Chicago Tribune sponsored two young boys in the African nation of Mozambique, they found that child sponsorship as depicted by Save the Children is a myth: As Save the Children executives later acknowledged, there is no guarantee that a sponsor's dollar will ever reach that sponsor's child, and no way of knowing whether it ever does. . ."

I-F - Miracle Merchants: "Myth VS. Reality in Africa" - Hugh Dellios and Lisa Anderson - Chicago Tribune

1998-03-15

"The Tribune's sponsored children in Africa did not fit the streotypes or even understanding the concept of being sponsored. For these two boys, the images presented to their sponsors didn't match the reality of their lives. Sponsored? News to him. Salvador Nhabangua does more than teach lessons in the crowded, open-air classrooms of the village school in Zongoene, Mozambique. He writes letters to America.Flashing a broad smile, the 44-year-old teacher cheerfully admits he composes most of the letters that purport to come from children in his classroom, who are among the 216 sponsored through Save the Children Federation Inc. in this farming community overlooking the Limpopo River. Nhabangua takes pride in the task. Unfortunately, he doesn't always take the time to discuss the letters with the children before he writes them. He says that an SCF staffer pays him $5 to $10 a month on an informal basis to write the notes. . ."

I-G - Miracle Merchants: "Many Can Take a Bow in Developing Nations" - Mike Dorning - Chicago Tribune

1998-03-15

". . .When the Tribune asked the organizations to support claims of having a global impact on child survival, education and longevity, they offered anecdotal accounts of improving vaccination rates, increasing the use of contraception and improving nutrition at the community level.They could not provide evidence that conditions in countries where the sponsorship groups are working have improved much more than in other countries. . ."

I-H - Miracle Merchants: "Tiny Fractions Bring Big Bucks" - Mike Dorning - Chicago Tribune

1998-03-15

". . .Childreach marketing director Stacey Pulner Mihaly acknowledges that the stories of the children's lives were composites drawn "from the histories of many children." The pictures were randomly selected from Childreach's photo archives, Mihaly said, and the children's names were simply made up. . ."

I-I - Miracle Merchants: "A Year's Schooling Wasted For the Lack of $9" - Mike Dorning - Chicago Tribune

1998-03-15

". . .Because child sponsorship had failed him. Despite a sponsorship through the Rhode Island-based agency Childreach, the boy could not pay his school tuition.Pierre Richard is just one of thousands of children sponsored through Childreach, which tells its donors their money will make big differences in the life of their sponsored child. . ."

I-J - Miracle Merchants: "Playing With Numbers to Bolster Their Pleas" - Mike Dorning - Chicago Tribune

1998-03-15

". . .While the language sometimes varies, the 35,000 figure has appeared repeatedly in recent years, in television and print solicitations by several child sponsorship organizations. . ."

Reaction-"Save the Children Reacts to Probe, Plans Reform" - Lisa Anderson - Chicago Tribune

1998-03-18

". . .In the wake of the Tribune's investigation, Save the Children has begun a number of changes in its operations.For the first time, deaths of sponsored children must be reported to the Westport headquarters and to the sponsor within two days after Save the Children personnel learn of the death, a spokesman for the organization said. . ."

II-Miracle Merchants: Precede: "About This Special Report" - Unsigned - Chicago Tribune

1998-03-22

"Work on this project began in 1995 when a group of Chicago Tribune reporters and editors initially sponsored 12 children through four of the largest and best-known child sponsorship organizations--Save the Children Federation Inc.; the Christian Children's Fund; Children International; and Childreach."Over the next two years, the individuals sent monthly or annual donations to the children who were randomly selected by the organizations. Tribune reporters and editors didn't request specific children, although some said they preferred children on certain continents in order to research a wide spectrum of charity work. They identified themselves by name but not by their affiliation to the Tribune. The charities didn't ask for information about employment or occupation in donor applications.

II-A - Miracle Merchants: "The Copper-Tinted, $10 Million Office Center Exudes an..." - David Jackson - Chicago Tribune

1998-03-22

". . .To some of those the charity promised to serve, that remains an open question.The fund's colorful annual reports list the tangible advances made by its most successful projects around the world, highlighting the aqueducts that bring water to some 240 Colombian families and the grant that gave Gambian doctors 250,000 doses of meningitis vaccines for children. CCF was among the first child sponsorship agencies to stop giving handouts to residents of developing countries, because it found that method of philanthropy fostered dependency and invited employee fraud. . ."

Reaction- "Child-Sponsor Groups to Track Benefits Better" - Lisa Anderson and Mike Dorning - Chicago Tribune

New Rules Would Require More Documentation

1998-06-14

"A coalition of private relief and development agencies is about to release new rules designed to intensify outside scrutiny of the child sponsorship industry and ensure that children actually receive benefits promised in advertisements soliciting donations. . ."

Reaction-"Children's Charities to Improve Monitoring New Rules Designed to Make Sure Funds are Used as Advertised" - Mike Dorning - Chicago Tribune

1998-12-13

". . .The Tribune's yearlong examination of four leading sponsorship organizations--Save the Children, the Christian Children's Fund, Childreach and Children International--found that several children sponsored by Tribune reporters and editors received few or no promised benefits. A few others received a hodgepodge of occasional handouts, such as toothpaste, soap and cooking pots. Some got clothing and shoes that frequently did not fit. Sick children were sometimes given checkups and medicine, but not always. . ."

Reaction- "The Road to Reform" - Lisa Anderson - Chicago Tribune

Save the Children Redirects Staffers to Closely Monitor Individual Cases

1998-12-31

". . .But the increased activity is part of more aggressive reforms launched by Save the Children Federation Inc. (SCF) in the wake of a yearlong Tribune investigation that exposed serious problems within Save the Children and other child sponsorship charities, ones that raise millions of dollars annually through heart-tugging appeals asking donors to sponsor a needy child for a few dollars each month.The Tribune special report, published in March 1998, revealed that Save the Children had some of the worst problems in the industry. Among other things, the organization took money from donors to sponsor children who were dead and falsified correspondence to American sponsors from African children, including at least one who had died. . ."