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Subject is exactly undercover reporting

"Is It Ever OK for Journalists to Lie?" - Jack Shafer - Politico

   "Veritas had previously punk'd lefty activist groups and non-journalistic employees at NPR. But in its attempted sting of the Washington Post, Veritas went directly at the paper's reporters with a female operative selling a fictitious story that she had been impregnated by Alabama senatorial candidate Roy Moore as a teenager. The Post's reporters saw through her flimsy deceptions, counter-stinging her and Veritas with a bundle of fine reporting and thus proving the opposite of the organization's hypothesis: the Post had no overwhelming bias against Moore, and it exercised skepticism and thoroughness in reporting an allegation brought to its attention.   While outrageous, the depth of Veritas' undercover deception is not unprecedented, even in contemporary journalistic circles. In 2007, investigative journalist Ken Silverstein went undercover for Harper's magazine as a business executive who intended to hire lobbyists to skirt the law in helping him reform Turkmenistan's poor international image. In 1992, ABC News producers told Food Lion a passel of lies to secure jobs at the supermarket so they could film a story about the chain's substandard health practices. In 1963, Gloria Steinem submitted a fake name and Social Security number to get a job as a Playboy bunner for expose in Show magazine. . . . 

Politico  2017-11-30

"Fakes, fraud and forgery in Lloyds PPI selling scandal" - James Dean - The Times (London)

". . .An investigation by The Times into Lloyds Banking Group has found that contractors employed at its largest PPI complaint handling unit were taught how to play the system to the detriment of clients. . ."

The London Times  Tuesday, June 11, 2013

"Undercover Times probe reveals Lloyds PPI complaints failures" - Daniel Grote - New Model Adviser

". . .An undercover Times reporter went through the recruitment and training process to work as a complaints handler at Royal Mint Court in London.He was told that some bank salesman had faked PPI information in agreements on loan sales, and that complaint handlers should effectively turn a blind eye to the risk of fraud. . ."

New Model Adviser  2013-06-11

"A decade of being the man behind the mask" - Unsigned - China Daily/Asia News Network

". . .I have been punched many times and was once exposed while investigating a secret industry. A man threatened to kill me if I reported the truth, so I never did.That's the reason I never use my real name in my articles and am wearing a mask today. . ."

Asia One News  2010-06-01

"LSE anger at BBC Panorama over North Korea trip" - BBC News

". . .'For us, this is a matter of student welfare - students were lied to, they weren't able to give their consent.'She said all LSE's future research was 'now at risk'. 'I think the trip was organised by the BBC as potentially a ruse for them to get into North Korea and that's disgraceful. They've used students essentially as a human shield in this situation.' . . ."

BBC News  2013-04-14

"Reporter's notebook: Going undercover inside Bangladesh garment factory" - Holly Williams - CBS News

". . .To get a candid view of Bangladesh's garment factories, we posed as buyers. We told the managers we met that we wanted to source clothes as cheaply as possible.What we saw inside some of their factories was hair-raising. In one four-story facility we noticed there were hardly any fire extinguishers. On a floor where several hundred workers toiled over sewing machines, we counted only two extinguishers. Signs on the wall marked where they should have been. . ."

CBS News  2013-05-23

"MP Patrick Mercer quits Tory whip Over Panorama lobbying inquiry" - Unsigned - BBC News

". . .A clip of Mr Mercer being filmed undercover has been released by Panorama. It shows the MP meeting with an undercover reporter, who was posing as a representative of the fake company.Mr Mercer can be heard saying: "I do not charge a great deal of money for these things. I would normally come out at £500 per half day, so £1,000 a day." The undercover reporter replies: "Ok fine." Panorama said it had paid Mr Mercer £4,000 for working two days a month at a rate of £2,000 per month, but that the money had yet to be declared to the parliamentary authorities. . ."

BBC News  2013-05-31

"Tibet: A Losing Battle? (Part 2)" - Christopher Davis, Mark Thompson and David Boratav - France 24

France 24  2013-05-31

"Journalism: To Sting or Not to Sting?" - Roy Greenslade - The Guardian

". . .These are especially obvious when undercover reporting methods and elaborate subterfuge are used. Editors overseeing such investigations have to ask themselves several questions. The first one is the most crucial of all: is there enough prima facie evidence of wrongdoing by a person to warrant a sophisticated sting operation? . . ."

The Guardian  2013-06-02

"Outrage in Damascus After Israeli Reporters Enter Syria" - Unsigned - France 24

". . .Syria, in the grips of a deadly civil war, is not a safe place for journalists – 17 have been killed there in 2012, according to several NGOs.The country is doubly dangerous for Israelis. Syria is still officially at war with the Hebrew state and Israelis are unable to visit most of their neighbouring Arab countries. . ."

France 24  2012-12-20

"Good News for Farm Animals and the First Amendment" - Brian J. Buchanan - Knox News

". . .That ruling illustrates the occasional tension between First Amendment freedoms of speech and press and some of society’s other values. The 4th Circuit said the news media could not break the law, that the reporters were indeed guilty of trespassing and breach of employee loyalty. Yet the court also refused to countenance what it called 'an end-run around First Amendment strictures' by Food Lion. . ."

Knox News  2011-06-15

"Mads Brügger, 'The Ambassador' Director, Takes Exploitation to a Whole New Level" - Michael Hogan - Huffington Post

". . .Using some hidden cameras but relying mostly on an in-plain-sight Canon 7D, he surreptitiously filmed his interactions with the many scoundrels eager to fleece him -- from shady brokers of diplomatic credentials to the "assistant" who counsels him to make a disastrous business deal. And he indulged in some exploitation of his own, hiring a village of Pygmies to staff up a matchstick factory that, to their eventual disappointment, would never be built. (Every shady diplomat needs a cover story, after all.) But what bothers critics the most, perhaps, is Brügger's habit of prancing around in a preposterous colonial getup, making offensive remarks and generally playing the part of the amoral white chancer to the hilt. . ."

Huffington Post  2012-08-29

"WATCH: Full Secret Video of Private Romney Fundraiser" - David Corn - Mother Jones

 "The complete video demonstrates that Romney was not snippetized and that he was captured raw and uncut. Here it is, in two parts."

Mother Jones  2012-09-19

"Undercover Reporter Reveals Conditions at Foxconn iPhone Factory" - Charlie Osborne - ZD Net

". . .Potentially reopening the controversy around Apple partner Foxconn's Chinese factories, the reporter was put through an intensive 7-day orientation, in which he was shown the living quarters, where he would eat, and how to assemble his assigned portion of the new phone model. . ."

ZD NetThe Next Web - TNW - blogShanghai Evening Post  2012-09-12

"Undercover 'Journalism' in the DPRK" - Tad Farrell - North Korea News

"As most people are aware, Western journalists are not typically welcome in North Korea. The case of Euna Lee and Laura Ling last year was a good example of what can happen to those too eager for an NK scoop.  But that didn’t stop David McNeill of London’s ‘The Independent’ travelling to the DPRK just two weeks ago, ostensibly as a tourist attending the Pyongyang International Film Festival, but most likely there to try and cover the impeding Party Congress, initially rumoured to be starting around the same time.  He wasn’t the first reporter to enter the country on a tourist visa, and he won’t be the last.   But one thing is for sure, his front page story is a classic example of the hyperbolic and sensationalist approach to North Korea reporting that is standard in mainstream media -  a standard where fact-checking and normally rigid editorial standards go right out of the window."

North Korea News  2012-10-19

"Undercover Explorations of the 'Other Half,' or the Writer as Class Transvestite" - Eric Schocket - Representations

". . .I have termed such tales of temporary guise, "class-transvestite narratives," a phrase that best describes their attempts to close epistemological gaps through cross-class impersonation. Although Crane's experiment in class transvestism is the best known of this type, its methodology and goals were hardly unique. Between the depression of the early 1890s and the progressive reforms of the 1910s, a number of white middle-class writers, journalists, and social researchers "dressed down" in order to traverse with their bodies what they saw as a growing gulf between the middle class and the white working and lower classes. Like Crane, these disguised investigators recognized the inherent difficulty of social knowledge in an economi-cally segmented society: Perceptions based on a sympathetic middle-class point of view were for them as inaccurate as those informed by the sensationalized reports in the daily press. Recognizing the impossibility of both an Archimedean point outside a classed subjectivity and what WilliamJames called the particular "blind- ness" of "looking at life with the eyes of a remote spectator," these explorers attempted to move "inside" and collapse the distance between subject and object into one performative, narrational "body." . . ."

Representations  1998-10-01

"Going Too Far With the Hidden Camera?" - Lyle Denniston - AJR

". . .In recent weeks, CBS and its lawyers have been trying to fight off a challenge in the courts of South Dakota and the U.S. Supreme Court. The network's two minutes of videotape filmed secretly inside a meatpacking plant in Rapid City have now been aired, with the help of an emergency order by Supreme Court Justice Harry A. Blackmun. . ."

American Journalism Review  1994-04-01

"Expanding Dangers" - Sandra Davidson - IRE Journal

". . .The judge in the case said something every journalist should remember: The First Amendment is not a license to trespass, to steal, or intrude by electronic means into the precincts of another's home of office. It does not become such a license simply because the person subjected to the intrusion is reasonably suspected of committing a crime. . ."

IRE Journal  1999-03-01

"Critic's Notebook; Repercussions of Getting a Story by Sneaky Means" - Walter Goodman - New York Times

". . .This case puts reporters on notice that they had better stay away from undercover investigations, with or without cameras. Getting past company guards is not easy. If a reporter takes a job with the purpose of exposing practices a company would prefer to keep it to itself, must he now worry about being sued for breach of 'duty of loyalty' to the company he is out to expose? Does that apply, too, to whistle blowers, those real employees who tip off the reporter? Isn't the television program or the newspaper the reporter's true employer? Wouldn't it be a breach of duty of loyatly if he didn't do whatever he could to get the story? . . ."

The New York Times  Thursday, January 16, 1997

"Undercover Reporter Gains Dh150 in 20 Minutes by Begging" - Staff Report - Gulf News

"In a bid to disclose how easy it is to make a living from begging, a female reporter from the local media has gone undercover as a beggar and received Dh150 in 20 minutes, Dubai Police said. . ."

"Banks Reject First-Timers" - Nicola Byrne - The Daily Mail (London)

". . .The investigation by the Mail shows that three out of eight lenders have difficulties funding the purchase of a one-bed apartment, with National Irish Bank saying it would refuse to extend a loan on them at all. Brokers the Mortgage Store and EBS Building Society both advised our reporter, posing as a 30-year-old first-time buyer earning $50,000 a year, not to invest in a one-bedroom apartment. . ."

"Reporting Undercover in Zimbabwe" - Jason Beaubien and Steve Inskeep - NPR (Zimbabwe)

". . .'Yeah. Zimbabwe is an incredibly difficult place to report at the moment. You can't report openly. Foreign journalists can't get visas to get in. If you do go in, you'd have to go through a very lengthy media accreditation process, which would probably end up with you not being accredited. So the only way to get in is to sneak in as a tourist' . . ."

National Public Radio  2006-06-02

"'But I'm One of the Good Guys!'" - Monica Bhogal - The Guardian (UK)

". . .The practice of undercover reporting is widely used by journalists and is regarded in most instances as a valid method of exposing individuals and organisations for their involvement in activities that may range from the criminal to the morally reprehensible to the laughable. But the legal implications for undercover reporters are also wide-ranging. Reporters face the risk that, in seeking to expose crime or iniquity, they themselves become embroiled in the behaviour that they were seeking to reprimand. . ."

The Guardian  2003-08-24

"Army Trainers Suspended From Role" - Sophie Hutchinson - BBC News (UK)

"It comes as the BBC prepares to screen a report on an undercover investigation into bullying of recruits at the Catterick Garrison in North Yorkshire. A reporter who spent six months as an infantry recruit at the base uncovered evidence of physical abuse. . ."

BBC News  2008-09-18

"Army Trainers 'Bullied Recruits'" - BBC News (UK)

". . .BBC reporter Russell Sharp spent six months as an infantry recruit at Catterick. He secretly filmed life at the infantry training centre on his mobile phone and recorded his thoughts. He discovered that five instructors, all corporals, were involved in bullying and physically abusing young recruits. . ." 

BBC News  2008-09-18

"Brooke Kroeger on James O'Keefe and Undercover Reporting: A CJR Podcast" - Joel Meares - Columbia Journalism Review

 Kroeger explains her database and the pro-undercover argument presented in her 2012 book, Undercover Reporting: The Truth about Deception. and talks about why provenance is less important than ethical and careful method when it comes to using surreptitious techniques. 

Columbia Journalism Review  2011-03-11

"Detecting Consumer Fraud: Salvaged Autos" - Chris Halsne - IRE Journal

". . .I knew doing surveillance on Russian mobsters wasn't the safest idea in the world, but I couldn't bring myself to tell Karin Sumeri's parents. Karin was a young college graduate killed while riding in a used Volvo. The car uncharacteristically sheared apart during a routine accident. The vehicle was rebuilt - totaled by an insurance company several years earlier. Somebody had literally glued the roof back together. Accident investigators say Karin would have lived if the Volvo hadn't been shoddily repaired. . ."

IRE Journal  2002-05-01

"Selling Innocence" - Dave Savini - IRE Journal

". . .I soon spotted young girls in bikinis walking out of Smith's Chicago home. I noticed still and video cameras, and made a positive identification of Smith based on a mug shot we obtained through local police sources. Immediately, I called Rubenstein in our Chicago newsroom. She rushed to the scene with our photographer and undercover equipment. During our stakeout, we wrote down license plate numbers of the models old enough to drive. . ."

IRE Journal  2002-07-01

"Layers of Truth and Life in Iraq" - Borzou Daragahi - Los Angeles Times

". . .We were in a mostly Shiite Muslim part of the country, so I stuck to my cover story: I was an Iranian headed to Najaf, one of the thousands of Shiite pilgrims who make their way there each month to pay their respects at the shrine of Imam Ali.He demanded to see my passport. To my surprise and terror, he thumbed through it. Then he calmly looked up and asked, "Where's your entry stamp?" I had no answer. I had entered Iraq with my U.S. passport, which I wouldn't dare bring with me on the road. I froze. Since first arriving in Iraq 4 1/2 years ago, first as a freelance reporter and then as the Los Angeles Times bureau chief, I had kept up the pretense that I was playing it safe. . ."

Los Angeles Times  2007-04-10

"Reckless Acts" - Chris Halsne - The IRE Journal

". . .Our investigative producer, Bill Benson, went to work tracking down the most serious cases so we could add examples into our television story. He started with drunken driving and negligent driving cases. Remember: The data we received with our request was void of personal information. The computer did, however, give us a location of the traffic stop, time of day, a mile post, and even a notation if a citation was issued because of an accident. We could figure out which district or traffic court held the case file by mapping the mile post. After that, it was as simple as thumbing through files to spot notations by police that identified government cars involved. Sometimes the driver's 'occupation' field gave us solid leads as well. . ."

IRE Journal  2004-11-01

"Dateline Mole Allegedly at DefCon with Hidden Camera" - Kim Zetter - Wired

"DefCon security on Friday warned attendees at the annual hacker conference that Dateline NBC may have sent a mole with a hidden camera to the event to capture hackers admitting to crimes. DefCon says it was tipped off by their own mole at Dateline who sent them a pic of the undercover journalist who DefCon employees identified as producer Michelle Madigan. . ."

Wired  2007-08-03

"The Odd Amalgam: John L. Spivak's 1932 Photographs, Undercover Reporting, and Fiction in 'Georgia Nigger'" - Ronald E. Ostman and Berkley Hudson

"Lincoln Steffens, who generally is cited as the first muckraking journalist, called John L. Spivak 'the best of us.' Spivak, among many progressive and muckraking writers of America's early 20th century who might have competed for the honor, was labeled by some of his contemporaries as 'the best the whole United STates at the present moment,' 'America's greatest newspaper man,' 'one of the alertest reporters alive,' and 'greatest reporter since Lincoln Steffens' . . ."

Visual Communication Quarterly  2006-06-20

"I Was an Obama Volunteer" - Mike Newall - Philadelphia City Paper

". . .I also wanted an up-close-in-action glimpse of this idea of 'empowered democracy,' the supposedly self-transformational precept pumping through the bloodlines of Obama's candidacy. (Remember, he's not just asking you to believe in his ability to bring about change, he's asking you to believe in yours.) The candidate has promised that his is a truly bottom-up campaign driven by the creative energies of volunteers rather than Washington wags. I wanted to see how Philadelphians handled their newfound empowerment. . ."

Philadelphia City Paper  2008-04-16

"I Was a Clinton Volunteer" - Tom Namako - Philadelphia City Paper

". . .When my editors put me up to this, I wanted to tackle some big questions: Would we Philadelphians truly be the "deciders" of a presidential primary? How does national politics operate on a local level? And who are these legendary Clintons, who draw both fanatical love and hate? I wanted to know these things in a truthful way, not through the spin of some campaign flack. But by 9:30 a.m., just a week after this office opened, my desire for knowing became much simpler: Where the hell were these people? . . ."

Philadelphia City Paper  2008-04-16

"Bill Clinton: Purdum a 'Sleazy' 'Slimy' 'Scumbag'" - Mayhill Fowler - Off the Bus on the Huffington Post

"Former President Bill Clinton today unleashed a salty stream of epithets to describe former New York Times reporter and current Vanity Fair writer Todd Purdum, calling him "sleazy," "dishonest," "slimy" and a "scumbag."The former president made the comment at a local campaign event after I asked him if Purdum's much-commented upon Vanity Fair story was weighing on his mind. Tightly gripping this reporter's hand and refusing to let go, Clinton heatedly denounced the writer, who is currently married to former Clinton White House Press Secretary, Dee Dee Myers. . ."

Off the Bus on the Huffington Post  2008-06-02

"Undercover Reporting: The Myth of Ethical Deception" - Ashley Csanady - The Elements of "PIRC" WIki

". . . But just as police operations are limited by society’s distaste for entrapment, so too is a journalist’s ability to deceive hindered by circumstance. Public trust in the media to report the truth cannot be maintained if journalists fail to tell the truth as they report (Kovach and Rosenstiel, 2007, p.97); however, it wasn’t until I tried my hand at a deception-based story that I understood undercover was no exception to the rule. . . . "

WIKI Home The Elements of PIRC  Friday, December 24, 2010

"Brooke Kroeger on James O'Keefe and Undercover Reporting: A CJR Podcast" - Editors - CJR

". . . In this conversation, Kroeger argues that undercover reporting is incredibly valuable for its power to reveal truths and affect reform in our society, and that it should not be dismissed by the more traditional journalistic community; just look at the results, she says. In fact, she points out, mainstream news outlets have often partnered with advocacy groups to do this kind of work, all throughout the history of journalism in the US. . . . "

Columbia Journalism Review  2011-03-15

V-"Woman's Kingdom" - Kathleen "Kit" Coleman - The Toronto Mail

". . .We cross London bridge and turn sharply to our left on the Surray side, and after many crossings and wanderings we get at least to Jacob's island. The existence of this place was denied even at the time Oliver Twist was written. . ."

The Toronto Mail  1892-04-16

IV-"Woman's Kingdom" - Kathleen "Kit" Coleman - The Toronto Mail

"Come with me to a queer little square close to Piccadilly and Oxford street, and very near Regent street and I will show you Ralph Nickleby's house in Golden square, a place unchanged surely since the usurer gave his famous dinner party there. . ."

The Toronto Mail  1892-04-02

III-"Woman's Kingdom" - Kathleen "Kit" Coleman - The Toronto Mail

"If you want to find landmarks of Dickens, you will have to take a good many long walks, and cross and recross many bridges, and squares and courts. Sunday is by far the best day to do the famous old inns of court in the very heart of the city. . ."

The Toronto Mail  1892-03-26

I-"Woman's Kingdom" - Kathleen "Kit" Coleman - The Toronto Mail

". . .It's snowing as hard as it can while I write, and one cannot see out of window because of the frost on the panes, and one is cold with a deadly damp cold unknown to us in Canada. It is awful when real cold weather comes on in England. . ."

The Toronto Mail  1892-03-12

"When Will Waitresses Write Their Own Books?" - Lauren Sandler - Newsday

". . .Established, well-paid writers may be getting magazine commissions and book contracts to write about the hardships of low-wage America (and too rarely at that), but where is the opportunity to read actual real-life experience, not just an undercover facsimile? What we never get are stories told without the elite mediation of a 'professional.' These books, no matter how noble, still smack of downward tourism. . ."

Newsday  2001-09-09

IV-"A Message About Methods: Make No Mistake" - Bob Steele - Radio Television Digital News Association

". . .Journalists are more often being challenged, not just on the end product of their work but also on how they gather information. Increasingly, the objection is to the methods reporters and photographers use in quest of the 'truth.' . . ."

Radio Television Digital News Association  1998-01-01

"Legal Brief: Undercover Probe Winds Up In Court" - Dale Spencer - IRE Journal

". . .The suit was filed in the U.S. District Court to the Western District of Missouri claiming that the undercover news operation had raised issues that had caused damage to the hospital. . ."

IRE Journal  1987-05-01

"Survey on TV Reporting: How We Think About Surveillance Journalism" - Charles Burke - IRE Journal

". . .Virtually all support the use of hidden cameras and mikes, when deemed necessary, in TV investigations. They do so to virtually the same extent irrespective of their job classifications. They are, however, less sanguine about going 'undercover' . . ."

IRE Journal  1989-01-01

"Going Undercover" - William C. Gaines - The IRE Journal

". . .The undercover account became the frosting on the cake of a thoroughly investigated story involving interviews of patients, medical experts, and former employees. We searched every available public record. My report was only about my experiences, not from overheard conversations or stolen documents. . ."

IRE Journal  1997-11-01

"Undercover Reporters, Tort Law, and the First Amendment: Food Lion v. ABC and the Future of Surreptitious Newsgathering" - Daniel A. Levin and Alan C. Roline - Kansas Journal of Law and Public Policy

". . .Because most of the alleged Food Lion misconduct occurred only in non-public areas of the stores, Dale and Barnett decided it would be necessary to pose as Food Lion employees to document whether the allegations were true. They planned to hide small video cameras and audio equipment on their persons, and use these devices to record the actions and statements of other Food Lion employees. Because Food Lion would not knowingly hire ABC reporters whose purpose was to investigate Food Lion’s practices, Dale and Barnett, with the UFCW’s help, created false identities and backgrounds, complete with supporting documentation. ABC’s upper management and legal department reviewed and approved all of the above activities. . ."

Kansas Journal of Law and Public Policy  2002-01-01

"To Sting or Not to Sting?" - Marcel Dufresne - Columbia Journalism Review

"Newsday's staff devised the undercover plan in 1989 during early reporting for a groundbreaking series about segregation. If the scheme worked, it would expose an ugly and illegal discriminatory practice. But it also raised questions about deception, among other things."

Columbia Journalism Review  1991-05-01

"White Lies: Bending the Truth to Expose Injustice" - Henry McNulty - Journalism Ethics Cases Online

"That "does-the-end-justify-the-means" dilemma confronted me this spring when my newspaper, The Hartford Courant, reported on racial bias among some area real estate firms. Reporters, appearing to be almost identical in every financial and personal detail except race, posed as potential home buyers to gather the evidence. In some cases, real estate agents gave the "testers" who were black tougher financial scrutiny. Other times, blacks were "steered" to towns that already have significant minority populations."

Indiana University  1989-08-01

"Exposure of Corruption Raises Questions About Reporters’ Masquerade" - Deirdre Carmody - New York Times

"Sun-Times photographers posing as repairmen took pictures of payoffs to inspectors from a hidden camera loft in the bar, which they called the Mirage. Two reporters, Pamela Zekman and Zay N. Smith, and two investigators from the Better Government Association in Chicago posed as waitress, bartenders and owner. They documented payoffs of $10 to $100 to city inspectors who ignored health and safety hazards...that the Sun-Times estimated cost the state of Illinois $16 million a year in sales tax alone and illegal kickbacks, tax skimming and offers of political fixes from jukebox and pinball machine operators."

The New York Times  1978-02-23

"Should Reporters Play Roles?" - Clayton Kirkpatrick & Gene Patterson - ASNE Bulletin

"I voted for the revised ethical code approved by ASNE in 1975, and I am sure he did also. There is no specific prohibition of role-playing in that statement of principles." (Kirkpatrick)"I reserve the right to infiltrate reporters if fakery is truly the last resort and the only way to serve a vital public interest." (Patterson)

ASNE Bulletin  1979-09-01

"Jezza Neumann on Undercover Reporting: 'It's hard to explain that fear in your gut'" - Jezza Neumann - The Independent

"It's illegal to work as a journalist in Tibet, so we knew that it was going to be a struggle even to get there, let alone to survive and report."

The Independent  2008-03-31

"Out of Sight" - Robert Lissit - American Journalism Review

"Phillips' credit on the story, aired on "PrimeTime Live" in May 1994, read "Producer." Many viewers probably didn't notice it. And if they did, most of them would have no idea what Phillips and his fellow producers do. But they play a crucial role in a network newsmagazine industry that, this season, will generate revenues estimated at $1 billion."

American Journalism Review  1994-12-01

"Gotcha!" - Robert Lissit - AJR

"Steele thinks hidden cameras can serve a valuable purpose, but says that 'journalists have misused and overused [them]. They're an important tool to have in a journalistic bag, but we should use them judiciously, conservatively and with the recognition that the stakes are very high, because the consequences for those individuals who are the subject of hidden cameras can be dire and the impact on journalistic credibility profound.'"

American Journalism Review  1995-04-01

"ABC's Food Lion Story Didn't Sully Journalism" - Michael A. Cooper - New York Times

Purporting to argue about harm, Mr. Starobin really sermonizes about taste. But Food Lion's reckless food-handling jeopardized lives. The jury's rash judgment in favor of Food Lion provides yet another shield from exposure to corporations that jeopardize public safety behind closed doors. That is worse than tacky.

The New York Times  1997-01-31

News Bites - Michael Miner - Chicago Reader

[From James Hoge:] "The key question concerning the propriety of the project was whether it involved entrapment. In preparation for the Mirage project, the reporters involved were instructed by lawyers in how to avoid entrapping suspects. Under Pam [Zekman]'s superb direction, I don't believe the reporting ever crossed that ethical line."

Chicago Reader  2002-10-11

"When Undercover Was King" - Michael Miner - Chicago Reader

". . . By 1988, when Gaines won his second Pulitzer, the task force and, for that matter, undercover reporting itself were history. For half a year he and reporter Ann Marie Lipinski and associate metro editor Dean Baquet pored over records and conducted interviews, and in the end the Pulitzer board honored "their detailed reporting on the self-interest and waste that plague Chicago's City Council." Gaines focused on zoning--the way it works and how the way it works lines pockets. "The day after the hospital series broke, the board of health held an emergency meeting. The two hospitals soon went out of business, and Gaines and Crawford testified before a U.S. Senate committee. When I asked what the Tribune's pore-by-pore examination of the City Council accomplished, Gaines said, 'That's a tough one. I'd have to say it just educated people to how the City Council worked. It put it all in one big story people could read. I don't think it reformed one thing.' "Neither did the Tribune's eight-month examination of the City Council ten years later--a study the paper in 1997 hailed as a 'fascinating window into the inner workings of government in Chicago.' Gaines worked on that one too. 'I was able to get into even more depth on how zoning works,' he says. 'I think you could do a City Council series every year--every six months.' "The difference between Gaines's two Pulitzers was the difference between bagging an elk with a gun and bagging the whole herd with a camera. . . . "

Chicago Reader  2001-08-09

"To Investigate and Advocate" - Michael Miner - Chicago Reader

"From 1970, the year I arrived here, through 1976, the Chicago press took ten Pulitzers. Half went to writers and photographers at the Sun-Times, which has won a single Pulitzer (for Jack Higgins's cartoons in 1989) since Rupert Murdoch took over the paper in 1984. The Trib has won four Pulitzers in this century, but only one since 2003. Papers that don't win Pulitzers say they're no way to keep score, but the disdain of Pulitzer judges for papers controlled by Murdoch (and his successors, notably Conrad Black) and Sam Zell is shared by a lot of the Tribune's and Sun-Times's former readers. So many people I know buy only the New York Times that I feel like a bit of a damned fool when I say I subscribe to all three. I know what they're thinking: Well, you have to, it's your job. "Back in the day, the essential Chicago newspaper project was the hard-hitting investigation, naming names and kicking butt. Journalism is never more fun than when the facts are lined up and the presses are about to roll. Unfortunately, in desperate times publishers have awakened to the reality that serious investigations are not only very expensive but of no interest to lots of readers—which means too often we get them quick and cheesy or not at all. . . . "

Chicago Reader  2010-07-15

"Does Raw Video of NPR Expose Reveal Questionable Editing & Tactics?" - Scott Baker - The Blaze

"On Wednesday, The Blaze posted a lengthy report looking at the ethics of undercover journalism.  The comments on the post show a lively debate and wide-ranging views on what is considered ethical and acceptable in pursuit of a scoop. Plenty of readers felt the new NPR exposé justified any ethical misgivings involved in producing it. Others felt that those seeking truths should hold to higher standards. When undercover video like the NPR story first surfaces, we often look to see if there is raw video of the material used to produce the report as a basis for evaluating the accuracy of the representations made. And we decided to do that in this case. . ."

The Blaze  2011-03-10

'I Have Chosen to Belong to the Remedy' - Michael Haddon -

Working as a cleaner at a brothel to expose the prostitution of young girls, Anas was treated like one of the punters in a police raid he had helped to organise. "When they came to arrest everybody they assaulted me several times and I was happy about that, because it meant it was never leaked by the police hierarchy that I was undercover," Anas told attendees at a Centre for Investigative Journalism (CIJ) event last night.  2008-11-25

"Deception - Honest Tool of Reporting?" - David Shaw - Los Angeles Times

A reporter for the Detroit News poses as a Michigan congressman to prove how lax security is at a treaty-signing ceremony on the White House lawn.A reporter for the Los Angeles Times poses as a graduate student in psychology working in a state mental hospital to expose conditions there.A reporter for the Wall Street Journal works three weeks on an assembly line in a large plant to investigate charges that the company routinely violates labor practicesAre these unethical activities? ...

Los Angeles Times  1979-09-20