Browse Primary Sources

"An Apology to Chiquita" - The Cincinnati Enquirer

". . .At the time, the Enquirer believed that the series' accusations against Chiquita were based upon what was thought to be factual information obtained in an ethical and lawful manner. Specifically, the Enquirer asserted that they voice mails were provided by 'a high ranking Chiquita executive with authority over the Chiquita voice mail system.' . . ."

The Cincinnati Enquirer  1998-07-01

"2 More Shareholders File Suit Against Chiquita" - Cameron McWhirter - The Cincinnati Enquirer

". . .'The Director Defendants through both their culpable action and inaction have permitted Chiquita to systematically engage in violations of the laws of the United States and foreign countries in which Chiquita does business,' the suit contends. . ."

The Cincinnati Enquirer  1998-05-28

"Power, Money & Control" - Mike Gallagher and Cameron McWhirter - The Cincinnati Enquirer

"An Enquirer investigation has found that Chiquita made business decisions in Latin America to cover up a bribery scheme involving company and subsidiary employees, helped foreign growers try to evade taxes, and ran into tax problems. Corrupt activities committed by U.S. companies abroad may fall under the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. . ."

The Cincinnati Enquirer  1998-05-03

"Chiquita Secrets Revealed" - Cameron McWhirter and Mike Gallagher - The Cincinnati Enquirer

". . .Chiquita - alone among America's giant banana companies - has waged an international five-year campaign to overturn the EU's banana trade restrictions.  The restrictions are a complex system of tariffs and quotas that place limits on how many Central American bananes can be brought into Western Europe. The reason for the campaign is simple: The amount of profit that Chiquita realizes for its bananas is greater in Europe than anywhere else in the world. And Chiquita dominates the European market. . ."

The Cincinnati Enquirer  1998-05-03

"Hungry" (Part II) - Lauren W. Gilfillan - Forum and Century

 From the precede: "At six o'clock she started with a truckload of youngsters for Pittsburgh, thirty-five miles away, to beg for money for food. Singing workers' songs in an atmosphere of picniclike gayety, the crew, with its two young Communist leaders, arrived in the city, only to be stopped by a protesting policeman. They waited in suspect for the storm to burst." 

Forum and Century  1932-07-01

"Hungry" - Lauren W. Gilfillan - Forum and Century

 ". . . In the pallid light I set to work. I brushed my teeth -- although I knew an authentic miner's child would not have done so -- with the strange-tasting sotty rain water in the pitcher. Better than the well water with its danger of typhoid. . . Now - clothes. A faded calico dress, ill-fitting, voluminous, with a tear in one sleeve. Too clean, this dress but it would soon be grimy enough. . . ." 

Forum and Century  1932-06-01

"Weary Feet" - Lauren W. Gilfillan - Forum and Century

 "In late July and early August, I spent eleven days working, first as a salesgirl and then as waitress at the lunch counter, in five-and-ten cent stores. . . . It was not easy to get a job this summer -- even in the five-and-ten . . . "

Forum and Century  1933-10-01

"Going Too Far With the Hidden Camera?" - Lyle Denniston - AJR

". . .In recent weeks, CBS and its lawyers have been trying to fight off a challenge in the courts of South Dakota and the U.S. Supreme Court. The network's two minutes of videotape filmed secretly inside a meatpacking plant in Rapid City have now been aired, with the help of an emergency order by Supreme Court Justice Harry A. Blackmun. . ."

American Journalism Review  1994-04-01

"Nightmare Without End" - Mary A. Fischer - GQ

". . .That Stephen Roye knowingly carried drugs is inarguable. That he was guilty of naivete and bad judgement is also beyond doubt. But his story, like that of a spellbinding novel, is more complicated, his motivations more complex than a single grave and foolish act might suggest. What led Roye to Bangkok illustrates an especially American kind of arrogance about the world and oneself, an arrogance that frequently leads to tragedy. The realities of being stranded and in mortal trouble in a foreign country, particularly a county in Southeast Asia, remind us once again that when you travel halfway around the world, you don't take the protections of the United States Constitution. . ."

"NBC: Staging the News Again?" - Michelle Malkin

". . .Catch that? The apparent “sting” involves targeting Nascar and other sporting events. ‘Cause that’s presumably where the fair and balanced NBC news staff thinks all the bigots are. . ."

"Staged on ABC" - Michelle Malkin - National Review Online

". . .On Monday, the local Fox affiliate in Birmingham, Ala., blew the whistle on an ABC News sting operation intended to elicit bigoted responses from local residents. The national ABC News program Primetime Live hired actors to pose as same-sex couples and engage in public displays of affection on a park bench. Birmingham police department sources told the Fox affiliate about the social experiment; a local merchant spotted an RV where the ABC crew was stationed. The merchant was told “ABC was working on a week-long project to see how people would react . . . A FOX6 news reporter approached the RV and talked with an ‘actor’ who said, ‘Yes, we are working for ABC News’" . . ."

"Distinctive Service Award Goes to Investigative Team" - Chicago Tribune

"A Chicago Tribune Task Force series exposing nursing home abuses was awarded the first Distinctive Service Award of the Illinois Interprofessional Council last night during ceremonies in the Swedish Club of Chicago. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1971-09-26

Reaction: "2 Aides Arrested for Striking Elderly Nursing Home Patients" - Philip Caputo - Chicago Tribune

". . .The arrests for battery came two months after the attacks were described in a seven-part series by The Tribune Task Force detailing instances of filth, neglect and brutality in the area's 'warehouse for the dying' . . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1971-05-29

Reaction: "Nursing Home Closed" - William Jones and Pamela Zekman - Chicago Tribune

". . .Dr. Murray Brown, city health commissioner, yesterday ordered a South Side nursing home closed and directed the owners to immediately begin transferring an estimated 81 patients to other homes. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1971-03-06

Reaction: "109 Nursing Homes Closed in 18 Months" - Pamela Zekman - Chicago Tribune

". . .The homes, including 15 in Chicago, have had their licenses revoked or have closed voluntarily because they cannot meet minimum standards ordered by city and state health officials. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-10-10

"Identity Crisis: Transcript" - Chris Bannon - On the Media

". . .After Silverstein's report appeared in the July Harper's, those firms and a few journalists criticized Silverstein's covert tactics, charging that he misrepresented himself to get a story.We reached Silverstein in his newsroom, where he said the criticism should be focused on the lobbying firms and on the many promises they made in their eagerness to revamp Turkmenistan's public image. Among those promises, carefully choreographed panel discussions. . ."

"Kurtz on Undercover Journalism: The horror!'" - Ken Silverstein - Harper's

". . .People should, of course, read the Kurtz column, read my piece, and come to their own conclusions, and as I have said before, those uncomfortable with my tactics are free to dismiss the story’s findings. Despite Kurtz’s concerns, most readers seem to understand why I went undercover. . ."

Harper's  2007-06-25

"Lobby Shops for Turkmenistan: Will Lie for Money" - Ken Silverstein - Harper's

". . .Both lobbying firms have complained that my tactics were “unethical.” Now APCO has issued a press release acknowledging that it met with the Maldon Group–the name of my fictitious energy firm–but saying that it was never actually interested in winning the contract to work for Turkmenistan. “If Silverstein had bothered to have even a second meeting or to further engage, he could have found out that he would not make the cut to become one of our clients,” the press release says. . ."

Harper's  2007-06-24

"A 'Grassroots' Anecdote" - Ken Silverstein - Harper's

". . .For now, though, let me share one story because the events in question took place long ago, and the source was not willing to provide the name of the lobbying firm involved, making it all but impossible to track down. He did, however, offer enough details that I have no reason to doubt the accuracy of his account. And the story, I think, gives some valuable insight into how lobby shops actually work. . ."

Harper's  2007-06-29

"The Beltway Press Needs a Good PR Firm" - Ken Silverstein - Harper's

". . .The response—in the form of blog posts, emails, and interview requests—was overwhelming, and almost entirely positive. A lot of people, it seems, just don’t approve of lobby shops that do image-enhancement work for dictators. But for some in the media—and especially beltway reporters—my piece prompted a moral crisis. They just couldn’t figure out whether it was worse for me to trick the lobbyists than for the lobbyists to have proposed a whitewash campaign for the Turkmen regime. . ."

Harper's  2007-07-02

"Statement on Harper's Magazine, Moyers Journal, SIlverstein's Ethics" - APCO Worldwide

". . .In violation of recognized journalistic priniciples, Silverstein neither asked us for comment nor gave us an opportunity to respond to his 'facts.' In addition, Silverstein appeared on Bill Moyers Journal on PBS and neither he, nor representatives of the program, contacted APCO for comment. Had they asked, we would have told them these facts . . ."

"Going Undercover to Get a Story" - The Carpetbagger Report

". . .In some circles, what Silverstein did was clearly unethical. In short, he misrepresented himself. “No matter how good the story,” Howard Kurtz wrote, “lying to get it raises as many questions about journalists as their subjects.” Kurtz was hardly alone; the DC media establishment has been less than shy about denouncing Silverstein’s tactics. . ."

"Journalism Ethics: A Wrap-up" - Ken Silverstein - Harper's

"Howard Kurtz of the Washington Post has faithfully parroted the talking points of the two lobbying firms I embarrassed in this month’s Harper’s, but APCO and Cassidy & Associates have had less luck with other journalists. The story exposed how the firms offered to polish the image of Stalinist Turkmenistan when I approached them, claiming to represent a shady energy firm that allegedly had a stake in that country’s natural gas sector. . ."

Harper's  2007-07-12

"The Long-Awaited Food Lion Ruling" - David B. Smallman - IRE Journal

". . .After millions of dollars in legal fees, the saga has concluded (pending further appeal) with reversal of Food Lion's fraud claim and the tossing out of its punitive damage award against ABC. The appeals court - apparently adopting a phrase from the amicus brief filed by IRE to support the Constitutional rights of investigative reporters - held that Food Lion could not enagage in an "end-run" around the first amendment by seeking to recover defamation-type damages without first proving that the story was intentionally or recklessly untruthful or inaccurate. . ."

IRE Journal  1999-10-01

"Beyond ABC v. Food Lion" - Walter Goodman - The New York Times

". . .In December, a North Carolina jury decided that two ''Prime Time Live'' producers went too far in 1992 when they lied on applications and obtained jobs in the back rooms of Food Lion supermarkets. The resulting program hurt Food Lion's bottom line, and ABC News was hit with $5.5 million in punitive damages. The consequences of the decision, which ABC is appealing, will assuredly be felt in future television exposes or the lack of them. . ."

The New York Times  1997-03-09

"Getting the Truth Untruthfully" - Colman McCarthy - The Washington Post

". . .Other ways - truthful, ethical - exist besides hidden camera footage to nab wrongdoers. Classic investigative reporting relies on public documents, skilled interviewing, exhaustive research and cross-checking. Why should electronic journalists exempt themselves from the rules of fairness? . . ."

The Washington Post  1992-12-22

"Expanding Dangers" - Sandra Davidson - IRE Journal

". . .The judge in the case said something every journalist should remember: The First Amendment is not a license to trespass, to steal, or intrude by electronic means into the precincts of another's home of office. It does not become such a license simply because the person subjected to the intrusion is reasonably suspected of committing a crime. . ."

IRE Journal  1999-03-01

"Food Lyin' and Other Buttafuocos" - Sandra Davidson - IRE Journal

". . .If journalists continue to demonstrate the questionable ethics contained in the Food Lion case above, perphaps 'meat handling' should become a course in journalism schools' curricula. Treating subjects of stories as 'meat' or 'grist' for the journalism mill is unfortunately becoming a too common practice. This, of course, is not to say that all or majority  or even a large segment of journalists are behaving badly. But the taint from the few rubs off, and the odor is as foul as anything thr Food Lion reporters tried to uncover. . ." (IRE Journal's editors later apologized to ABC or the segment's producers for this piece. See "Apologies to ABC Producers" (  

IRE Journal  1998-11-01

"Media Talk; Journalists Defending the 'How' In Their Work" - Felicity Barringer - The New York Times

"Who? What? When? Where? Why? These are the questions journalists are trained to ask. But the question that continues to haunt journalists who are hauled into court is ''How?'' How did the journalist get the information? How did he or she approach sources? What did the journalist say to the subjects of the story? . . ."

The New York Times  1998-07-13

"Practicing Deception in the Pursuit of Truth" - Marvin Kalb - The Washington Post

"Should journalists lie, as they pursue the noble goal of informing the public? Put more charitably, if the word "lying" is too harsh, should journalists masquerade as meat packers in a supermarket to get a story, engage in a bit of clever misrepresentation and bluffing to trick a source, use "lipstick" cameras hidden in wigs and tiny microphones pinned to brassieres to succeed in undercover reporting, produce (in the words of one NPR reporters) "cockamamie cover stories" to protect an exclusive? In other words, in an industry theoretically still devoted to truth-telling, can deception, in whatever guise, be regarded as an acceptable way of getting the news? . . ."

The Washington Post  1997-03-24

"Editorial Notebook; Revisiting the Food Lion Case" - Terry Tang - The New York Times

"Is deception by a journalist ever justifiable? That was the question raised by ABC's solemn attempt at self-justification last Wednesday night. ''Primetime Live'' and a special 90-minute panel debate moderated by Ted Koppel focused on Food Lion v. ABC, the case in which a North Carolina jury awarded the Food Lion supermarket chain $5.5 million in punitive damages because ''Primetime Live'' producers lied to get jobs at the supermarkets to show bad food handling practices. . ."

The New York Times  1997-02-17

"Critic's Notebook; Repercussions of Getting a Story by Sneaky Means" - Walter Goodman - New York Times

". . .This case puts reporters on notice that they had better stay away from undercover investigations, with or without cameras. Getting past company guards is not easy. If a reporter takes a job with the purpose of exposing practices a company would prefer to keep it to itself, must he now worry about being sued for breach of 'duty of loyalty' to the company he is out to expose? Does that apply, too, to whistle blowers, those real employees who tip off the reporter? Isn't the television program or the newspaper the reporter's true employer? Wouldn't it be a breach of duty of loyatly if he didn't do whatever he could to get the story? . . ."

The New York Times  Thursday, January 16, 1997

"Rivera Sees Bad News From ABC Penalty Pioneering Reporter, TV Execs Call Food Lion Case Rotten for Journalism" - Richard Huff - Daily News

". . .In 1972, to produce his landmark investigative reports, which aired on WABC/Ch. 7, Rivera and his crew slipped into the Staten Island hospital using a stolen key. The end result, of course, was a dramatic story on the horrible living conditions of Willowbrook's inhabitants. This week, ABC News was hit with the multi-million-dollar fine for punitive damages for using tactics not dissimilar to Rivera's though no break-in was involved. . ."

New York Daily News  1997-01-24

"1978: Bribes Were Only Real Thing at Mirage" - Chicago Sun-Times

". . .Investigative reporters had known the problem for years. The system in Chicago was government by envelope: shakedowns and payoffs, finagling and fixes. The victims, mostly people who ran businesses in the city, were always asking for help. But nobody would come forward. Nobody would go on record. . ."

Chicago Sun Times  Sunday, February 17, 2008

"'Government by Envelope': Chicago's 'System' Exposed" - T.R. Reid - Washington Post

". . .But this is Chicago after all, where such matters can often be handled more cheaply. So when the fire inspector arrived, the owners handed him a white envelope with $10 inside. There was a long, uncomfortable pause: finally the inspector pocketed the money and pronounced the good news: the Mirage had passed, with no repairs needed. . ."

The Washington Post  1978-01-15

Reaction: "...And Other Sundry Vices" - Chicago Tribune

". . .The ordinances would make it a civil offense, prosecutable by the corporation counsel, to offer a city worker a bribe. They would also prohibit anyone convicted of trying to bribe a government employe from bidding on city contracts for a period of three years. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1978-03-13

Willowbrook: The Last Disgrace - Geraldo Rivera - WABC-TV

Follow-Up: "New York" - RCS - Philadelphia Medical Times

". . .The fact that she pretended insanity would have been sufficient reason for keeping her for a time under observation. But there is a popular impression that once declared insane, always insane; and once played in an asylum, always to remain in an asylum. . ."

"Reporters Reveal How They Broke Stories on Treatment of Vets" - Joe Strupp - Editor & Publisher

". . .Hull said that her story began with a simple yip from a source to Priest, which prompted the pair to visit Walter Reed and simply observe and speak to patients. We worked very stealthy and sort of under the radar, Hull explained, noting they never lied about who they were. Nobody ever asked. . ."

Editor and Publisher  2007-03-30

Follow-Up: "Journalist on the Edge" - Les Payne - The Quill

". . .I seized upon the migrant story as a chance to flirt with new journalism. First, I had to gain access to the Long Island migrants without disturbing their routine. It would not be free of risk, or danger. So my wide and child packed off for the week to my parents' home in Connecticut. I hitchhiked to Riverhead in a t-shirt and jeans and was hired on as 'Bubba.' I had picked cotton in Tuscaloosa, shade-grown tobacco in Windsor, Conn., and thus was no stranger to dirt crops. . ."

The Quill  2006-01-01

"Waiting for the Eagle to Fly: With Nappy Chin, Hoppalong Geech, and Big Momma Rock Undercover" - Les Payne - Newsday

". . .As I entered the 17-man migrant camp the first day, I had primed myself to respond to my new name, 'Bubba.' I kept in mimd my briefing on how to function and stay alive. The instructions were given to me by an ex-migrant, a hefty man with a barrell belly and a rolling, gravel voice. With passionless, staccato cadence he told me: 'Drink wine wit' 'em. Shoot craps. Challenge 'em, tell 'em, look man, I'll knock your goddamm head off. Curse at 'em, all the time. But don't mess wit' their women, or you'll get your throat cut'. . ."

Newsday  1970-07-11

"Food Lion Slows Expansion in Wake of TV Report" - Unsigned - The New York Times

"Food Lion Inc. said yesterday that it would slow its pace of expansion in the first half of 1993 as it evaluated the earnings impact of an unfavorable report on ABC television."

The New York Times  1992-12-25

"Food Lion Stock Falls After Report" - Unsigned - The New York Times

"Stock in Food Lion Inc. fell sharply in over-the-counter trading yesterday after a report by ABC News accused the grocery retailer of unsavory sanitation practices, including bleaching spoiled meat."

The New York Times  1992-11-07

"Life Among German Tramps" - Josiah Flynt - The Century

". . .I finally decided to give up these fruitless investigations, and to become a tramp myself in order to achieve my ends. I felt fairly equipped for such an undertaking, having had a two years' residence in Germany, and having also played the tramp in my own country. My plan, however, was not to study the enforced vagrant, but rather the man who wanders because he desires to, and prefers begging to working. . ."

The Century  1893-10-01

"Undercover Reporter Gains Dh150 in 20 Minutes by Begging" - Staff Report - Gulf News

"In a bid to disclose how easy it is to make a living from begging, a female reporter from the local media has gone undercover as a beggar and received Dh150 in 20 minutes, Dubai Police said. . ."

"Syria Conflict: BBC's Paul Wood Meets Teens Turned Rebels" - BBC News

BBC News  2012-08-06

"Banks Reject First-Timers" - Nicola Byrne - The Daily Mail (London)

". . .The investigation by the Mail shows that three out of eight lenders have difficulties funding the purchase of a one-bed apartment, with National Irish Bank saying it would refuse to extend a loan on them at all. Brokers the Mortgage Store and EBS Building Society both advised our reporter, posing as a 30-year-old first-time buyer earning $50,000 a year, not to invest in a one-bedroom apartment. . ."

"Undercover Journalism and Ethics" - Editorial - The Hindu (India)

". . .The central point is that investigative journalism that insists on going after information through deception and invasion of privacy can have only one serious defence: a larger social purpose. Undercover investigations by journalists go back a long way. It was in 1887 that the celebrated Nellie Bly feigned illness, got herself admitted to a notoriously ill-administered New York lunatic asylum, and wrote a powerful expose that hastened legal reforms relating to the treatment of the mentally ill. . ."

The Hindu  2005-05-06

"Year of the Fake Sting Exposed Media's Fault Lines" - Mannika Chopra - Two Circles (India)

". . .As undercover operations have escalated the public has developed a sense of doubt over the intent of stings. There is a realisation that a sting predicated on the whim of a journalist gives the media too much power. Today, sting fatigue, both within the press and within the nation has slowly begun to creep in. . ."

"Reporting Undercover in Zimbabwe" - Jason Beaubien and Steve Inskeep - NPR (Zimbabwe)

". . .'Yeah. Zimbabwe is an incredibly difficult place to report at the moment. You can't report openly. Foreign journalists can't get visas to get in. If you do go in, you'd have to go through a very lengthy media accreditation process, which would probably end up with you not being accredited. So the only way to get in is to sneak in as a tourist' . . ."

National Public Radio  2006-06-02

"'But I'm One of the Good Guys!'" - Monica Bhogal - The Guardian (UK)

". . .The practice of undercover reporting is widely used by journalists and is regarded in most instances as a valid method of exposing individuals and organisations for their involvement in activities that may range from the criminal to the morally reprehensible to the laughable. But the legal implications for undercover reporters are also wide-ranging. Reporters face the risk that, in seeking to expose crime or iniquity, they themselves become embroiled in the behaviour that they were seeking to reprimand. . ."

The Guardian  2003-08-24

"Subterfuge Is 'Justifiable', Says Press Watchdog" - Stephen Brook - The Guardian (UK)

". . .'Undercover investigative work has an honourable tradition and plays a vital role in exposing wrongdoing. It is part of an open society. But it risks being devalued if its use cannot be justified in the public interest,' the watchdog says. . ."

The Guardian  2007-05-18

"My Life As a Secret Policeman" - Mark Daly - BBC News (UK)

". . .We wanted to see what steps were being taken to eradicate this. But more importantly, we needed to see if they were working. The only way we could find out what was really happening was to become a police officer - asking questions openly as a journalist would not have uncovered the truth. . ."

BBC News  2003-10-21

"Army Trainers Suspended From Role" - Sophie Hutchinson - BBC News (UK)

"It comes as the BBC prepares to screen a report on an undercover investigation into bullying of recruits at the Catterick Garrison in North Yorkshire. A reporter who spent six months as an infantry recruit at the base uncovered evidence of physical abuse. . ."

BBC News  2008-09-18

"Brutal Army Bullies 'Ruined My Life'" - BBC News UK

"He said he reported the bullying to a major - but the brutality became worse when the complaint was referred back to the offending corporal. . ."

BBC News  2002-10-22

"'I Did Two Jobs - Reporter and Soldier'" - Russell Sharp - BBC News (UK)

". . .I never forgot why I was there; I had to be the best recruit I could be while at the same time investigating whether the Army had kept its promise to stamp out bullying. In my platoon I saw two corporals lose their temper and break the rules, punching recruits or grabbing them by the neck and throwing them to the ground. . ."

BBC News  2008-09-18

"Army Trainers 'Bullied Recruits'" - BBC News (UK)

". . .BBC reporter Russell Sharp spent six months as an infantry recruit at Catterick. He secretly filmed life at the infantry training centre on his mobile phone and recorded his thoughts. He discovered that five instructors, all corporals, were involved in bullying and physically abusing young recruits. . ." 

BBC News  2008-09-18

"New Magazine to Feature Undercover North Korean Reporting" - Unsigned - AFP

 ". . .Asia Press said it has set up a team of the 10 North Korean volunteers who risk their lives to cover news deep inside the country with hidden cameras and other digital devices. . ."

Agence France-Presse  2007-11-20

Mirage Reaction: "Subpena Liquor Inspector Records" - Mirage - Chicago Sun-Times

". . .The pair have been suspended pending a dismissal hearing before the Illinois Department of Personnel. The shakedown at the Mirage was described in a Sun-Times story last week. . ."

Chicago Sun Times  1978-01-26

"I-Team: Missing the Beat" - WCCO-TV Minneapolis

"America's Worst Nightmare?" - Leslie Cockburn - CBS News 60 Minutes

 ". . .Although we were for forbidden to film, we managed to smuggle a hidden camera into this 200acre compound belonging to the militant Islamic group called Lashkar Etiba which armed, trained and sent Islamic soldiers off to wage holy war in Afghanistan, Bosnia and Chechnya. . ."

CBS News  2000-10-15

"Experiences of a 'Blackbirder' Among the Gilbert Islands" - Arthur Inkersly and W.H. Brommage - Overland Monthly

". . .Passing over the voyage, I will proceed at once with the narrative of incidents at Butaritari, and other islands of the Gilbert, or Kingsmill, Archipelago, from which group came several of the South Sea Islands at the Midwinter Fair. . ."

Overland Monthly  Friday, June 1, 1894

"Misinformation Intern: My Summer as a Military Propagandist in Iraq" - Willem Marx - Harper's Magazine

". . .The Iraqis working for us posed as freelance journalists, but they also paid editors at the papers to publish the stories—part of the cost Lincoln Group billed back to the military. 'Look,' Jon assured me, 'it’s very straightforward. You just have to keep the military happy' . . ."

Harper's  2006-09-01

"Tyranny of the Test" - Jeremy Miller - Harper's Magazine

". . .I am here because the High School for Health Careers and Sciences, one of several small schools in what was once a single large high school in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan, has purchased Kaplan’s SAT Advantage program, an abbreviated version of the SAT prep course offered by the testing company at any of its 150 centers nationwide. (“Higher test scores guaranteed or your money back.”) As one of Kaplan’s roving “coaches,” I will spend the day helping math and English teachers kick off the test-taking course by modeling the “Kaplan method” for their classes. Depending on the number of students it serves, a Kaplan program like this can cost a school well into the tens of thousands of dollars. For my efforts each day, which cannot exceed six hours of instruction, I will receive a fee of $295. At this rate, a full school year’s pay would exceed a starting teacher’s salary by more than $10,000. . ."

Harper's  2008-09-01

"Frat House for Jesus" - Peter J. Boyer - The New Yorker

". . .The men leading this intervention considered themselves Ensign’s closest friends in Washington. Four of those who confronted Ensign—Senator Tom Coburn and Representatives Bart Stupak, Mike Doyle, and Zach Wamp—lived with him in nineteenth century brick row house on C Street, in southeast Washington, a short walk from the Capitol. The men regarded themselves in part as an accountability group. Despite their political differences—Coburn and Wamp are Republicans, Stupak and Doyle are Democrats—they had pledged to hold one another to a life lived by the principles of Jesus, and they considered the Tuesday supper gatherings at C Street an inviolable ritual. . ."

The New Yorker  2010-09-13

"Brooke Kroeger on James O'Keefe and Undercover Reporting: A CJR Podcast" - Joel Meares - Columbia Journalism Review

 Kroeger explains her database and the pro-undercover argument presented in her 2012 book, Undercover Reporting: The Truth about Deception. and talks about why provenance is less important than ethical and careful method when it comes to using surreptitious techniques. 

Columbia Journalism Review  2011-03-11

"The Jungle Revisited" - Tony Horwitz - Wall Street Journal

". . .But not all of the changes in the industry have bettered workers' lives. With increased automation - including, in some plants, the use of robotics and lasers - many jobs have become 'deskilled,' according to Donald Stull, a meatpacking expert at the University of Kansas in Lawrence. Workers who once followed individual cattles through the plant, performing many of the skills of a butcher, 'now stand in the same spot, making the same cut thousands of times a day,' he says. This also heightened the risk of cumulative trauma, which contributes to meatpackin'g ranking as the most dangerous industry in America. . ."

Wall Street Journal  1994-12-01

X- "Daley Says Problems are Beyond His Control" - Gary Washburn - Chicago Tribune

"'Gateway to Gridlock,' a Tribune series, has reported on problems at O'Hare that have delayed and frustrated thousands of passengers this year and threaten to extend poor service far into the future. Daley has refused to seek new runways at O'Hare to expand the airport's capacity. The Tribune series also described how his administration has sought to throw a wrench into construction of an airport near the Will County town of Peotone -- and outside of Daley's political control. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  2000-11-22

IX- "Hope Isn't Even on the Radar" - Jon Hilkevitch, John Schmeltzer and Alex Rodriguez - Chicago Tribune

"When Stacey Jones and his family were booked on a 5 p.m. United Airlines flight from O'Hare International Airport to New York last week, they didn't think they were buying a lottery ticket.But in a way, they were. Even in perfect weather, that flight arrives on time at LaGuardia Airport just once every five tries, according to federal statistics. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  2000-11-22

VIII- "When Weather Turns Bad, Runways Not as Accommodating" - Patrick T. Reardon - Chicago Tribune

"Mayor Richard M. Daley maintains that the chronic delays and cancellations at O'Hare International Airport have 'nothing to do with runways.' But, based on studies by airport experts, that position is difficult to defend.The main cause of delays at O'Hare is the airport's inability to accommodate as many arriving flights in bad weather as it can in good -- a problem directly tied to runways. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  2000-11-21

VII- "Politics Snarl O'Hare" - Andrew Martin and Laurie Cohen - Chicago Tribune

". . .The hidden motives that determine everything from contracts to projections for growth at O'Hare have created an airport that works for the politicians, their friends and the airport's two major airlines, but not for the public. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  2000-11-20

VI- "Real Answers Never Show Up on Radar, Passengers Say" - Evan Osnos - Chicago Tribune

". . .Often accidentally, but sometimes deliberately, airlines give customers inaccurate, incomplete or inconsistent information. It begins before they ever buy a ticket -- with unevenly defined "on-time arrival" formulas that muddy performance comparisons -- and persists after they return home, with different airlines setting different times to start the clock for the industry's commitment to return lost luggage within 24 hours. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  2000-11-20

V- "United Steers Bumpy Course" - Andrew Zajac and Robert Manor - Chicago Tribune

". . .Although United isn't always as bad as it was last summer, it is never very good when measured by performance standards such as flight promptness, lost baggage and customer satisfaction. The growth of the Elk Grove Township corporation into the world's largest airline has masked a culture of inconsistent corporate leadership and confrontational labor relations unusual even for an industry in which employment strife is a defining characteristic. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  2000-11-20

IV- "The Longest Day: Epilogue - The Last Lap" - Louise Kiernan - Chicago Tribune

". . .The airlines and the FAA already have convened their first teleconference of the day. At his gleaming cherry conference table, Peter Salmon, who manages the control tower at O'Hare, steels himself for a harsh assessment of Monday's performance. It will take the airlines until Wednesday to sort their schedules back to normal. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  2000-11-19

III- "The Longest Day: Act Three" - Louise Kiernan - Chicago Tribune

". . .Strangely enough, the passengers who know they're spending the night in Chicago are fortunate. They can at least try to find a hotel room. The dozens of others who sit patiently, watching their flights get pushed back from 6:15 to 8 to 9:30 to 11:20 before they are canceled are the ones who will find themselves out of luck. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  2000-11-19

II- "The Longest Day: Act Two" - Louise Kiernan - Chicago Tribune

". . .These thousands of people still hope to get out of Chicago. They walk up and down the narrow aisles of their planes, trade paperback thrillers, play computer solitaire until their batteries run out and, if they are in first class, indulge in a few free drinks. Most of them remain calm and resigned. The weather, they think, tells them all they need to know. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  2000-11-19

I- "The Longest Day: Act One" - Louise Kiernan - Chicago Tribune

". . .Although most passengers know little, if anything, about these issues, they bear the brunt of their effects. They're the ones who miss their cousin's wedding or grandfather's funeral because of delays that worsen each year, who stand helpless as a gate agent walks off the job for lunch even though 100 stranded passengers wait in line. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  2000-11-19

Follow-Up: "Dunne Suspends 20 County Road Employes for Loafing on the Job" - Thomas Buch and William Currie - Chicago Tribune

 "George W. Dunne, Cook County Board president, announced yesterday that 20 highway workers found loafing on the job by Tribune Task Force reporters and B.G.A. investigators will be suspended. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-26

Follow-Up: "Asks Board to Cut 306 County Jobs" - George Bliss and Philip Caputo - Chicago Tribune

 "A package of amendments calling for the immediate abolition of 306 jobs from the proposed 1972 Cook County budget at a saving of $3,417,316 was introduced yesterday at the public budget hearings of the County's Board's Finance Committee. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-25

XI- "County Highway Unit Wasting Millions; Find Loafing Rampant" - Task Force - Chicago Tribune

 ". . .Tribune Task Force members and B.G.A. investigators followed scores of road workers on their daily rounds in the last several months. They saw the ritual of men in a rut, working sporadically and listlessly with one goal in mind - the day's end. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-19

X- "County Board Post: A Part-Time Job?" - Task Force - Chicago Tribune

 ". . .Board members are not required to divorce themselves from these other activities, but the county budget explicitly states they are being paid for a full-time job. Some commissioners concede their work requires less than eight hours a day, but nearly all of them have a secretary and one or even two adminstrative assistants. . .

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-18

IX- "Ego Battles Add to County Waste; Curbs Promised" - Task Force - Chicago Tribune

 "A new county purchasing department procedure, designed to curb the uncontrolled furniture spending sprees of county officials, has been ordered into immediate effect as a result of The Tribune Task Force and Better Government Association investigation into county waste. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-17

VIII- "Civil Service in County 'Little More Than Myth'" - Task Force - Chicago Tribune

 ". . .The county's Civil Service policies are designed to maintain, not reduce, patronage, an investigation by the Tribune Task Force and Better Government Association has found. Whether Republican or Democrat, the politicians have so abused the 75-year-old Civil Service law that merit employees today account for only 43 percent of the county's 14,846 job holders. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-16

VII- "Reveal County Board Waste, Mismanagement at Hospital" - Task Force - Chicago Tribune

"In the decades that the Cook County Board controlled County Hospital, waste and mismanagement in the institution grew to such epidemic proportions that millions of tax dollars must now be spent to find a cure. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-15

VI- "High Election Cost Even Higher Here; See $500,000 Waste in '72" - Task Force - Chicago Tribune

 "On March 21 the Cook County electorate will stand before another example of government waste - a voting machine. To put two machines in every county polling place in 1972, election officials plan to spend a record $1.6 million. That is a waste of at least half a million dollars, a Tribune Task Force-Better Government Association study has revealed. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-14

V- "Bare 136 Needless County Jobs" - Task Force - Chicago Tribune

 ". . .The officials have consistently turned a deaf ear to studies and suggestions which would have saved more than a million dollars a year by scrapping useless patronage positions on the heating plant staffs. An examination of the staffs revealed that 136 jobs could be slashed from the payroll at a savings of $1,638,382. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-13

IV- "Bare Bungling by Civil Defense Commission" - Task Force - Chicago Tribune

 "It took only 60 seconds for the Cook County Board to approve without comment the $97,134 Civil Defence Commission budget during hearing last month. Altho the agency was formed to create a countywide plan to deal with natural or nuclear disasters, its operations are in such disarray that during an interview Director Patrick O'Block could not explain the activities of his own staff. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-12

III- "County Patronage Waste Is Put at $5 Million Yearly" - Task Force - Chicago Tribune

 ". . .The estimated financial waste found by a Tribune and Better Government Association investigation of inflated salaries and padded payrolls for 1,500 blue collar workers who maintain county buildings. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-11

II- "Amid Luxury, County Aides Contemplate More Taxes" - Task Force - Chicago Tribune

 ". . .Evidence of how seriously county officials have taken this responsibility can be seen in their total ignorance of the prices of individual items of furniture they ordered. Even records in the County purchasing department failed, with few exceptions, to contain item-by-item details of cost. It was only after an exhaustive investigation that Tribune Task Force reporters and Better Government Association investigators were able to piece together a detailed accounting of expenditures so far. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-10

I- "Millions Wasted by County" - Task Force - Chicago Tribune

 ". . .The job of unearthing the $10.5 million has already been completed for the Board. In a three-month investigation, the Tribune Task Force, working in cooperation with th Better Government Association, found $14,228,000 in waste in county government. . ."

The Chicago Tribune  1972-01-09

"Hart Departs" - Herald Staff - Miami Herald

". . .Mr. Hart was correct in his complaint that personal affairs should not eclipse public discussion of foreign policy, of arms control, of defense readiness, and of Federal budgets. His error was in asserting that his own views on these issues were so brilliant that the flawed character and judgement evident in his dalliances should be overlooked. . ."

Miami Herald  1987-05-09

"Gary Hart Affair Turned Spotlight on Paper" - Jim Savage - Miami Herald

". . .The story of Hart's weekend with Donna Rice is arguably the most controversial story published by The Herald during its first 100 years. Before it was over we were accused of hiding in Hart's bushes (we never did), peeking in his window (we never did), and failing to watch his back door (OK, nobody's perfect). . ."

Miami Herald  2002-09-15

"Herald Wins 3 Awards, Including One For Hart Coverage" - Miami Herald

". . .'The accuracy of the Herald stories, while widely questioned at the time of publication, has stood up under the thorough scrutiny of critics,' the society said. 'The stories were in the finest tradition of responsible newspaper reporting and met the strictest standards of journalism' . . ."

Miami Herald  1988-03-30

"Now the Cover-Up" - Herald Staff - Miami Herald

"Gary Hart now has added lying to his previously documented demonstrations of bad judgement. The Democratic Presidential candidate is behaving in the classic pattern of a man trapped by public disclosure of his own actions: he is shading the truth. . ."

Miami Herald  Thursday, May 7, 1987

"The Points At Issue" - Tom Fiedler - Miami Herald

"Gary Hart's press conference at Dartmouth College on Wednesday raised new conflicts between his earlier statements and those of Donna Rice, campaign advisor William C. Broadhurst and events witnessed by The Miami Herald. . ."

Miami Herald  1987-05-07

"Some Hart Aides Admit Anger Over His Judgement" - Robert S. Boyd - Miami Herald

". . .ABC News released a poll Tuesday indicating that Hart's big lead over other Democratic presidential candidates had fallen 10 points after the allegations. . ."

Miami Herald  Wednesday, May 6, 1987

"Hart Ratings Plunge in National Surveys" - Miami Herald

"The unfavorable rating Gary Hart recieved in nationwide polls has doubled, ranging from 26 percent to 40 percent, two polls showed Thursday. . . More than half of the respondents, 56 percent. said The Miami Herald- the newspaper that broke the story - was not fair to Hart, and half the voters did not think wuestions about candidate's sex lives are appropriate. . ."

Miami Herald  1987-05-08

"Private Lives Public Business in Presidential Campaign" - Heath Meriwether - Miami Herald

". . .We conducted surveillance of Hart's capitol Hill townhouse from the public streets. We didn't hide in the bushes or peep in windows, as Hart's campaign manager has suggested. And when the candidate seemed aware of our presence, we broke off our suveillance and went to him with our questions. We then published our story. . ."

Miami Herald  1987-05-05

"Pictures With Woman Helped End Campaign" - Owen Ullmann - Miami Herald

". . .Post reporters checked out the material and concluded by Wednesday night that it was accurate. A Post reporter covering the Hart campaign in New Hampshire told Hart press secretary Kevin Sweeney about the material late that night. The reporter tried to ask Hart directly about the material. Hart was informed immediately about the material but would not talk to the reporter. . ."

Miami Herald  1987-05-09

"Hart to Drop Presidential Bid" - Robert S. Boyd, Carl Cannon and Paul Nussbaum - Miami Herald

". . .Faced with the prospect of another damaging allegation of a relationship with a woman other than his wife, the 50-year-old former Colorado senator abruptly broke off his quest for the White House Thursday and flew home with his wife, Lee, from a campaign swing in New Hampshire. . ."

Miami Herald  1987-05-08